Well then, that rules out that idea!
I agree, it would definitely be preferable to use more modern hardware. My understanding was it was imaged off the Pi 2, so my suspicion was that it would not work on other models (newer or older).
I believe @DougieFresh has been working on a Docker based install here - I have no idea where that is relative to the image or if they're even trying to accomplish the same thing. My understanding is they're trying to move to ROS and the first rev was not?
While it's frustrating that it doesn't work like that, it makes sense - by definition hardware drivers are bound to the hardware, so a software abstraction is a tough thing to accomplish. It's the same as trying to switch the boot drive between regular computers with Windows, OSX or Linux - frustrating, but not unexpected that it doesn't work at all.
@Peperoni - are you able to boot with a "regular" Pi image and the same hardware? E.g. you've ruled out power supply issues, SD card corruption etc?